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Galium kamtschaticum Steller ex Roem. et Schult. var. minus Sugim.Family: Rubiaceae
English: Boreal bedstraw
Japanese: ヤクシマムグラ (屋久島葎) [Yakushima Mugura]
This species is distributed from Kamchatka to New England, and the Yakushima variety is considered endemic. However, I must admit that I'm not sure all these photos are of the same species: The last two are of a smaller plant with whiter flowers (perhaps even tinged pink) growing in restricted conditions among peat moss. The first three were larger plants with yellowish flowers growing in shaded dirt patches. Well, according to [la la teng shu, Chen Tao, & F. Ehrendorfer, Fl. China 19: 104?141. 2011], 'Galium is by far the largest and most widespread genus within the tribe Rubieae.'
屋久島高地の植物 川原 勝征,2001:南方新社.
米倉浩司・梶田忠 (2003-) 「BG Plants 和名－学名インデックス」（YList），http://ylist.info（ 2019年8月14日）
la la teng shu, Chen Tao, & F. Ehrendorfer, Fl. China 19: 104-141. 2011.